Permalink: https://media.greenpeace.org/archive/Coal-Stock-in-Witbank-27MZIFLW0A82.htmlConceptually similarMountains of Coal near Informal Settlement in WitbankGP0STOJG3Completed★★★★Trucks Transport Coal in South AfricaGP0STOJI8Completed★★★★Cracked Land Ruined by Coal Plant in South AfricaGP0STOJI4Completed★★★★Victim of the Coal Plant at Informal Settlement in South AfricaGP0STOJGLCompleted★★★★Water Pond at Informal Settlement in South AfricaGP0STO9PLCompleted★★★★Local Victim in WitbankGP0STOJIBCompleted★★★★Community in Informal Settlement in South AfricaGP0STOJGRCompleted★★★★Warning Sign of Abandoned Coal Mines in South AfricaGP0STOJIACompleted★★★★Victim in Informal Settlement in South AfricaGP0STOJFXCompleted★★★★View AllGP01KZDCoal Stock in WitbankCoal stock in a coal washing plant being prepared clean for export.Locations:South Africa-WitbankDate:2 Sep, 2008Credit:© Graeme Williams / Panos / GreenpeaceMaximum size:3872px X 2592pxKeywords:Barbed wire (fence)-Climate (campaign title)-Coal-Day-Energy-KWCI (GPI)-OutdoorsShoot:Pollution from Abandoned Coal Mines in South AfricaSouth Africa is the world's sixth largest producer of coal - and the seventh largest consumer. With shallow coal seams and cheap labor, coal mines have sprung up all over the country. However, there's a hidden cost to mining that only starts when the mine has served its purpose.There are hundreds of unused, abandoned coal mines around South Africa. Each one is a ticking time-bomb for the environment, mainly due to AMD (acid mine drainage), water draining from the mines filled with sulphate salts, heavy metals and carcinogenic substances like benzene and toluene. This AMD damages wildlife and spreads illness and disease. One place that feels these effects most shockingly is Emalahleni (which means ''place of coal'). The place is surrounded by 22 collieries, plus steel, vanadium and manganese plants. Among the most vulnerable in Emalahleni are the children of the Maguqa community. Their soccer field lies in a small floodplain on the side of a small stream. The stream is dirty and dangerous, filled with untreated sewage from the municipality.