Permalink: https://media.greenpeace.org/archive/Local-Men-and-Salt-Precipitate-from-AMD-in-Witbank-27MZIFLQDAJ9.htmlConceptually similarChildren Play on Salt Precipitate from AMD in WitbankGP01KZGCompleted★★★★Children Playing Soccer in WitbankGP01KZICompleted★★★★AMD White Crust in WitbankGP01KZ7Completed★★★★Children on White Salt Precipitate from AMD in WitbankGP01KZHCompleted★★★★Water Containing AMD in WitbankGP01KZ8Completed★★★★Water Pond at Informal Settlement in South AfricaGP0STO9PKCompleted★★★★★★Environmental Activist Matthews Hlabane in WitbankGP01KZ5Completed★★★★Victim in Informal Settlement in South AfricaGP0STOJFXCompleted★★★★Young Boy Jumps Across a Stream in WitbankGP01KZFCompleted★★★★View AllGP01VMILocal Men and Salt Precipitate from AMD in WitbankThree local men: (L to R) Leonard Mtshali, James Mashale and Bonginkosi Mkwanazi. They are standing in front of a heavily polluted pond. The pollution is caused by the water containing a mixture of AMD coming from abandoned local coal mines, a ticking time-bomb for the environment. The water draining from the mines is also filled with sulphate salts, heavy metals and carcinogenic substances like benzene and toluene.Locations:South Africa-WitbankCredit:© Graeme Williams / Panos / GreenpeaceMaximum size:3872px X 2592pxKeywords:Climate (campaign title)-Coal-Day-Energy-KWCI (GPI)-Local population-Men-Native Africans-Outdoors-River pollution-Rivers-Three people-Toxics (campaign title)-Water-Water pollutionShoot:Pollution from Abandoned Coal Mines in South AfricaSouth Africa is the world's sixth largest producer of coal - and the seventh largest consumer. With shallow coal seams and cheap labor, coal mines have sprung up all over the country. However, there's a hidden cost to mining that only starts when the mine has served its purpose.There are hundreds of unused, abandoned coal mines around South Africa. Each one is a ticking time-bomb for the environment, mainly due to AMD (acid mine drainage), water draining from the mines filled with sulphate salts, heavy metals and carcinogenic substances like benzene and toluene. This AMD damages wildlife and spreads illness and disease. One place that feels these effects most shockingly is Emalahleni (which means ''place of coal'). The place is surrounded by 22 collieries, plus steel, vanadium and manganese plants. Among the most vulnerable in Emalahleni are the children of the Maguqa community. Their soccer field lies in a small floodplain on the side of a small stream. The stream is dirty and dangerous, filled with untreated sewage from the municipality.