Permalink: https://media.greenpeace.org/archive/Polluted-Water-in-Witbank-27MZIFLWFEIQ.htmlConceptually similarPolluted Water from AMD in WitbankGP01KZBCompleted★★★★Pond with AMD Polluted Water in WitbankGP01KZ9Completed★★★★AMD from Working Open Pit Coal Mine in WitbankGP01KZCCompleted★★★★AMD Polluted Water in WitbankGP01KZ6Completed★★★★Young Boy Jumps Across a Stream in WitbankGP01KZFCompleted★★★★AMD White Crust in WitbankGP01KZ7Completed★★★★Water Containing AMD in WitbankGP01KZ8Completed★★★★Emalahleni Sewage in South AfricaGP01KZECompleted★★★★Children Play on Salt Precipitate from AMD in WitbankGP01KZGCompleted★★★★View AllGP01KZAPolluted Water in WitbankYellow scum on the yellow/orange AMD (acid mine drainage) pond.AMD leaches from a working open pit coal mine in the Brugspruit Valley. The polluted water turns a yellow orange color as a result of iron oxide, known to miners as "yellow boy" from the yellow precipitates it forms. This water is highly acid, mobilizing heavy metals from the sediments over which it flows.Locations:South Africa-WitbankDate:2 Sep, 2008Credit:© Graeme Williams / Panos / GreenpeaceMaximum size:2592px X 3872pxKeywords:Climate (campaign title)-Coal-Day-Energy-KWCI (GPI)-Outdoors-Patterns-River pollution-Rivers-Toxics (campaign title)-Water-Water pollution-YellowShoot:Pollution from Abandoned Coal Mines in South AfricaSouth Africa is the world's sixth largest producer of coal - and the seventh largest consumer. With shallow coal seams and cheap labor, coal mines have sprung up all over the country. However, there's a hidden cost to mining that only starts when the mine has served its purpose.There are hundreds of unused, abandoned coal mines around South Africa. Each one is a ticking time-bomb for the environment, mainly due to AMD (acid mine drainage), water draining from the mines filled with sulphate salts, heavy metals and carcinogenic substances like benzene and toluene. This AMD damages wildlife and spreads illness and disease. One place that feels these effects most shockingly is Emalahleni (which means ''place of coal'). The place is surrounded by 22 collieries, plus steel, vanadium and manganese plants. Among the most vulnerable in Emalahleni are the children of the Maguqa community. Their soccer field lies in a small floodplain on the side of a small stream. The stream is dirty and dangerous, filled with untreated sewage from the municipality.